Archive for February, 2008

Start Your Internet Career with Zaheer Khan

Posted by 24 February, 2008 (3) Comment

Hi Guys,

I am not a big webmaster, big fish you know but I think I am more then a newbie and can assist new guys who are just entering into the world of Online Money Making and they don’t know the right direction of where to start. I will try to update my blog daily specially this section so, that the noobs can get benefit of it.

Let me tell you one thing, if you are new and you don’t have any skills, don’t get hurt. Making Money Online is easy. I will show you how.

This is not going to be a $7, $10, $15 report :). Yes, it’s free for all. I just want to help my fellows. Keep reading the blog and you will love it. 🙂

Wish you best of luck!

Categories : Internet Tags : , ,


Virtual Credit Cards for PayPal, eBay, Adwords & Shopping

Posted by 20 February, 2008 (1) Comment

You must have heard about Virtual Credit Cards aka VCCs which are usually used for online shopping where customer doesn’t want to use his/her original Credit Card because of less security or for any other reason. But now-a-days people are using virtual credit cards for verificaion purposes. Normally, these are used on PayPal, eBay and Adwords.

I am not going into unnecessary details about legality of these cards but I would say that the VCCs you use for online shopping are legit and issued by different banks. These cards are preloaded with different amounts.

The website which is legit and providing the working Virtual Credit Cards is I have used their cards and always worked perfectly fine.

Please visit their site: for more information.

Categories : Internet Tags : , , , , ,


Nobel 21″ Flat Screen Color Television – 21E16PF (Music Engine)

Posted by 19 February, 2008 (23) Comment

Today I bought a new television which is assembled in Pakistan at the price on which I could buy Samsung 21″ TV. Well… you guys might be thinking that I am so stupid. Why didn’t I purchase Samsung or any other brand? The reason is that there is no difference between motherboard of Samsung and Nobel. The only difference is Brand Name. The picture quality/resolution is perfect and I am loving it.Here are some feature of Nobel 21″ Flat Screen Color Television – 21E16PF:

  • Ture Flat TV
  • Hi-Power Top Woofers
  • Multi System
  • AV Stereo
  • Sound Equalizer
  • 255 Channels
  • FS Tuner
  • Full Function Remote Control

The voice quality is simply awesome and the woofers on the top of TV are working perfectly fine. The price is Rs. 10,000 (Approx. $160 US). There is 5 Years Tube and 2 Years Parts Warranty, what else you need? I must say that it’s the best TV for that low price. I will keep you updated about the performance of the TV but so far its going great.

Categories : Marketing Tags : , ,


Hostgator – Host Unlimited Websites Just for $7.95/Month

Posted by 18 February, 2008 Comments Off on Hostgator – Host Unlimited Websites Just for $7.95/Month

Hostgator is one of the best or I should say best web hosting providers I have ever come across. I have been using it for more then one year now and it’s just awesome. I signed up with them using a promotional code and got addicted of it. I am hosting more then 20 site on my hosting provided by Hostgator. Click on the banner below to see their wonderful services.

Their prices are cheap enough and Customer Support Service is just cool. I never had any problem with them. One thing I should admit that they are doing wonderful job. Sign up with them and see it by yourself :).

Categories : Internet Tags :


Expanding the E*Trade Brand

Posted by 18 February, 2008 Comments Off on Expanding the E*Trade Brand

E*Trade was founded in 1991 and partnered with America Online and CompuServe in 1992 to offer trading to users of those portals. In 1996, E*Trade established its own Internet site. That year, E*Trade spent $25 million on its first national advertising television campaign, which attempted to convince viewers: “Someday, we’ll all invest this way” and aired on popular network programming. Accompanying the television spots were two-page newspaper ads and Internet banners provocative lead-ins such as “Spank a Yuppie” and “Low Commissions. Leave your kids more to fight over.”E*Trade hired Goodby, Silverstein & Partners in 1999 to develop more national advertising. Goodby’s first campaign, titled “It’s time for E*Trade,” helped the company become one of the top four most recognized Internet brands in 1999 as ranked by Opinion Research Corp. According to agency co-founder Rich Silverstein, “In four months, we built the brand.” CEO Christos Cotsakos maintained that, “brand building was always first and foremost” among the company’s priorities.

The company launched a major ad blitz for the 2000 Super Bowl by buying two spots during the pre-game show, another two spots during the game, and sponsoring the halftime show. E*Trade “dominated the commercial showcase,” according to Brandweek. The memorable “Monkey” ad was named as the fourth-best Super Bowl ad of all time by an online consumer vote. As a result of its Super Bowl ad blitz, E*Trade enjoyed a 600 percent increase in new accounts in the quarter following the Super Bowl compared with the same period the previous year. E*Trade maintained a consistent ad push following the Super Bowl, spending $522 million – or 38 percent of revenues – on marketing.

In 1999, E*Trade diversified beyond online trading with its $1.8 billion purchase of online banking firm Telebank, which it renamed E*Trade Bank. E*Trade hopes to add other services to its site and become “a one-stop financial services supermarket.” Additionally, E*Trade sought to expand beyond the Internet and establish a brick-and-mortar presence that would allow it to compete with traditional brokerage firms. In August 2000, E*Trade opened the first of its brick-and-mortar locations, called “E*Trade Zones,” inside a SuperTarget store. The E*Trade Zones feature customer service representatives and a full complement of services from trading to bank transactions.

E*Trade also planned a network of 18,000 automated-teller machines in gas stations, drugstores, and supermarkets throughout 48 states, which the company upgraded to provide customers with access to brokerage accounts as well as bank accounts. To add to its list of services, in 2000 E*Trade partnered with Ernst & Young to offer both on- and offline investment advice to clients.

In 2000, E*Trade processed 150,000 transactions daily from its customer base of more than 3.6 million. In 2001, E*Trade was the third largest online broker in terms of number of accounts.

[1] “Bank on It.” Brandweek, December 11, 2000; Louise Lee. “Not Just Clicks Anymore.” Business Week, August 28, 2000; Terry Lefton. “Jerry Gramaglia: Trading Up.” Marketers of the Year, Brandweek, October 11, 1999; Deborah Lohse. “E*Trade Campaign Asks Investors To Skip Brokers for On-line Service.” Wall Street Journal, September 5, 1997, p. B5

Categories : Marketing Tags :


Pricing Showdown in the Cereal Market

Posted by 18 February, 2008 Comments Off on Pricing Showdown in the Cereal Market

The cereal category experienced interesting price competition in the late 1980s and early 1990s. During this time, the cereal industry as a whole aggressively raised prices on items as much as 5 to 6 percent every eight months. In order to disguise the higher prices, cereal makers attempted to offset them with a host of coupons, trade promotions, and other deals (such as two-for-the-price-of-one and buy-one-get-one-free or “bogo” offers) – a strategy dubbed “price-up, deal back.”

On April 4, 1994 (“Cheerios Monday”), General Mills, the number two player in the $8.7 billion cereal market with a 29 percent share, announced that it would lower prices between 30 cents and 70 cents a box (or 11 percent on average) on its eight most popular ready-to-eat cereals (Cheerios, Honey Nut Cheerios, Multi Grain Cheerios, Wheaties, Whole Grain Total, Golden Grahams, Lucky Charms, and Trix). General Mills also announced that it was cutting coupon and other promotional expenditures by $175 million.

General Mills was motivated by a number of factors. With prices as much as 25 percent lower, private label cereals had begun to make some significant inroads on sales, increasing their share of the market to 5.2 percent. Because of pervasive sales promotions, more than 60 percent of all cereal purchases were being made with some kind of coupon or discount. As Steve Sanger, president of General Mills, stated:

“The practice of pricing up and discounting back has become more and more and more inefficient for manufacturers and retailers and burdensome for consumers. There’s tremendous cost associated with printing, distributing, handling, and redeeming coupons. Because of this inefficiency, the 50 cents that the consumer saves by clipping a coupon can cost manufacturers as much as 75 cents. It just doesn’t make sense.”

Kellogg, the market leader with a 36 percent share, followed quickly with an announcement that it would stop offering the buy-one-get-one-free offers and attempted to hold firm on price increases by cutting costs. Recognizing a competitive opportunity, marketers of the number three and four cereal suppliers, Post and Quaker Oats, initially decided to continue to offer $1-plus coupons. Eventually, however, Post enacted a 20 percent across-the-board price cut and began to issue a new, all-purpose coupon that would apply to all sizes of all its cereals. Kellogg soon thereafter reduced prices an average of 19 percent on nearly two-thirds of its line.

The cycle of price cuts perpetuated by the bitter price war was bad for the bottom line. Kellogg, as the leader, suffered significantly as a result of the price wars. Kellogg’s profit margin shrunk, sales declined, and its market share plummeted. In 1998, Kellogg raised cereal prices an average of 2.7 percent, its first increase since 1994. This move signaled the end of the cereal price wars, but it did not solve Kellogg’s problems. In 1999, General Mills grabbed the domestic market share lead from Kellogg’s.

[1] Richard Gibson, “General Mills to Slash Prices of Some Cereals,” Wall Street Journal, April 5, 1994, p. A-4; John McManus, “Sanity’s at Stake in Steve Sanger’s Cereal Showdown,” Brandweek, April 25, 1994, p.16; Betsy Spethman, “Kellogg Counters Big G Price Cuts: ‘Bogo’ a No Go June 1;” Brandweek, April 25, 1994, p.3, Julie Liesse and Kate Fitzgerald, “General Mills Price Cuts Fail to Stem Couponing,” Advertising Age, August 1, 1994, p.26. “Kellogg Raises the Prices of Some Cereals.” Orange County Register, December 15, 1998; Betsy Spethmann. “Breakfast in Battle Creek.” Promo, May 30, 2000

Categories : Marketing Tags :


The Challenges Of Launching a New Brand

Posted by 18 February, 2008 (1) Comment

In 1996, Seagram Co. executives noticed a change in the vodka market. The popular Absolut brand of vodka, which Seagram distributed, was being replaced on the top shelf of trendy restaurants and nightspots by upstart “superpremium” vodkas like Grey Goose, Ketel One, and Belvedere. These superpremium vodkas came in tall, elegant cut-glass bottles and typically cost up to four dollars per glass more than Absolut. Research indicated that some of Absolut’s core customers had switched to the premium brands. Seagram sought to counter this trend by developing a high-end vodka in partnership with Absolut named Sundsvall after the Swedish town where it was distilled.

Sundsvall was positioned as a “super-Absolut, whose pedigree would make up for its late arrival and obliterate the rival upstarts.” Bottles of Sundsvall cost $30, twice as much as Absolut and more than four dollars more than Belvedere. While the other bottles in the category were made from either cut or frosted glass, the Sundsvall bottle was designed with clear glass and an orange shrink-wrap top in order “to stand out from the crowd.” In 1998, Absolut and Seagram launched the brand with a modest $2 million advertising budget. The companies devised what they called a “discovery” strategy, where Sundsvall was initially marketed only in eight metropolitan test markets in order to build buzz. In these markets, Sundsvall sponsored or hosted special events, such as invitation-only dinners at expensive restaurants where the brand was served exclusively.

When Sundsvall launched nationally, it garnered a lukewarm reception. One problem: premium brands like Belvedere had already been on the market for three years. Another problem was the packaging. Bartenders agreed that the product was high quality, but one bartender claimed the bottle “was too discreet for where it was competing.” Compared with the competition, Sundsvall sold at a plodding pace. For example, one Boston restaurant typically poured through two bottles a day of a competing brand, while a single bottle of Sundsvall might last three months there. In 1999, Sundsvall sold 1,000 cases of product, compared with sales of more than 100,000 cases each for Belvedere and Grey Goose.

A little more than a year after the launch, Absolut stopped production of Sundsvall and ceased all marketing activities. For a company that achieved incredible success marketing its flagship product over the last two decades, the disappointing Sundsvall brand was considered a major failure.


[1] Shelly Branch. “Vodka on the Rocks: This High-End Brand Was an Absolut Flop.” Wall Street Journal, December 21, 2000.

Categories : Marketing Tags :


What is a Brand?

Posted by 17 February, 2008 Comments Off on What is a Brand?

“A brand is a name, term, sign, symbol, or design which is intended to identify the goods or services of one seller or group of sellers and to differentiate them from those of competitors”.From the above definition it is clear that a brand has a unique name which is used to identfiy the product (goods or services) of one seller/manufacturer/producer and the main purpose of giving a brand name is to differentiate one’s product from other competitors who have same product with different name.

Lets say, two companies ‘A’ and ‘B’ are producing sugar and if sugar comes in market without any brand, it is useless. The companies are going to give name to their products just to make it unique. There may be difference in quality, price etc of the product and the target market of both sellers may be different.

So, it is quite important that sellers must give unique name to their brands so that consumer can easily differentiate between the brands without any difficultly. Without brand name a product is “dead”.

Categories : Marketing Tags :


New Wines, New Bottles

Posted by 17 February, 2008 Comments Off on New Wines, New Bottles

Also picking up on the packaging trend – and in the face of slumping sales – wine makers have gone beyond pretty labels to consider selling the fruits of their labor in bottles of different shapes and sizes. As one packaging expert noted, “Wine makers are finding out that packaging can be a real important part of a product’s appeal. Not just a prettier label but a functionally different package.” To illustrate some of the changes, note the following observation by one marketing commentator:”If you’re taking a lunch break on the ski slopes, you can open up a 187 milliliter screw-cap bottle, the size that used to be found only on planes but now can be bought in supermarkets and at mountaintop ski cafes. If you’re expecting lots of relatives for the holidays, you can try a five-liter bag-in-a-box. If you’re having an intimate dinner with a temperate date, uncork a 500 milliliter bottle, which holds four glasses instead of the six in the standard 750 milliliter bottle.”

Although still relatively small in absolute terms, these new packages have seen the fastest relative growth in sales in the category. New packages are even being used for varietal wines (i.e., wines identified with a particular grape such as with chardonnays), as well as with the blended jug or generic wines. Wine makers are hoping that at least some consumers will trade image and status for convenience (with smaller bottles) and value (with bigger bottles).

Some wineries are also changing the look of their packaging. In recent years, wineries have altered the appearance of the bottle’s neck bands, added a flange to the bottle lip, and replaced wooden corks with colored plastic ones. One popular alteration is to change the hue of the bottle to deep blue. Schmitt Schone, a German wine producer that typically sold 6,000 cases annually, switched its Riesling bottle from green to blue, and within six months sold 60,000 cases. Others popular cosmetic changes to wine bottles include using frosted glass and clear labels. When Sutter Home Winery, the fourth-largest wine seller in the U.S., began using a clear label, sales increased 25 percent the following year. One expert attributes the packaging changes to the desire for wineries to stand out from the crowd, saying, “It’s a fragmented, competitive business. If a winery can gain an advantage by staying vibrant [in its packaging] they’re going to do it.”


[1] Lourdes Lee Valeriano, “Wine is Bottled in More Shapes and Sizes,” Wall Street Journal, December 9, 1993, p. B-1. Elizabeth Jensen. “Blue Bottles, Gimmicky Labels Sell Wine.” Wall Street Journal, July 7, 1997; Terri Allan. “Wine Packaging Comes of Age.” Brand Packaging, September/October 2000.

Categories : Marketing Tags :


Choosing Elements to Build Brand Equity

Posted by 17 February, 2008 Comments Off on Choosing Elements to Build Brand Equity

Chapter 4 examines the elements that marketers can use to identify and differentiate a brand. Names, logos, symbols, characters, slogans, URLs, jingles and packages all influence a company’s ability to build awareness and image for a brand and, consequently, have a direct impact on the degree of positive brand equity that can be established. Brand elements can be judged on the merits of their brand-building ability by isolating the element in a consumer survey and measuring consumers’ response to the brand based solely on the isolated element. If the consumers infer or assume a certain valued association or response, the element is said to contribute positively to brand equity.

Six general criteria should govern a firm’s choice of brand elements. First, an element should be memorable, or easy to recognize and recall. Second, an element should be meaningful, or descriptive, persuasive, inherently fun and interesting, and rich in visual and verbal imagery. Third, an element should be likeable to consumers, in an aesthetic sense and in an emotional sense. Fourth, an element should be transferable within and across product categories, and across geographical and cultural boundaries. Fifth, an element should be adaptable, or flexible and capable of being updated over time. Sixth, an element should be protectable, both legally and competitively.

Next, the chapter discusses the benefits and drawbacks inherent in the choice of each type of brand element. For example, selecting a familiar-sounding name for a brand would likely lead to high recallability, but recognition often requires brand names to be different, distinct, or unusual. Fictitious or coined names are often used to satisfy this criteria. Brand characters are beneficial because they typically aid awareness, reinforce key brand strengths, add elements of fun, excitement, humor, etc., and can be transferred across product categories. Consumer associations with a brand character can be so strong, however, that they actually dampen awareness by dominating other brand elements. Also, brand characters must be updated over time.

The chapter ends by discussing how brand elements can be “mixed and matched” for maximum equity building. Brand elements must be mixed to achieve different positioning objectives, for instance. It is also important to match brand elements by ensuring that they harbor similarities that reinforce some shared meaning. Taken together, the entire set of brand elements makes up the brand identity, which reflects the contribution of all the elements to awareness and image.

Brand Focus 4.0 discusses legal issues for branding. These include trademark protection from counterfeit and imitator brands, trademark issues with generic names, and trademark issues with packaging.

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